No Child Left Behind (NCLB) and the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) both include sections regarding civil rights, which originate with the Title IX Amendments of 1972. NCLB includes civil rights in its Title IX:
IN GENERAL.—Nothing in this Act shall be construed to
permit discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex (except as otherwise permitted under title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972), national origin, or disability in any program funded under this Act.
Exceptions in the Title IX document from 1972 include but are not limited to institutions controlled by religious organizations “with contrary religious tenets” and organizations that traditionally admit only a single sex.
In ESSA, the title that incorporates civil rights and that refers back to Title IX amendments from 1972 is now labeled Title VIII. Still, the civil rights component is in ESSA just as it was in NCLB. And…
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